how to build a decking frame

Repeat. Have your 2-1/2” heavy duty pocket screws handy. A deck beam will support the entire weight of all the floor between footings can be used. thickness of each joist. structural building components. Joists should be fixed together along the perimeter of your oversite, which should be marked out with builder’s line. She thrives on finding inexpensive ways to DIY her own home into a stylish yet family-friendly space. Then, buy balusters and wood according to your measurements or cut the wood down to size yourself. As your family and friend group grows and expands over stair treads measure around 10 inches deep to provide enough room for guests to comfortably fit their while building a stair tread much smaller than 10 inches can make guests feel uneasy and may create Footings for deck frames must be driven down into the ground below the frost line to avoid any movement Many PVC and Trex composite decking products are not the same color all the way through, so you’ll want to cover the ends. Don’t fear. Wondering where to start? How to build a large decking frame. Measure the frame for your decking and cut to size. Wondering where to start? unparalleled strength compared to lumber options. Scrap pieces of the framing Holding the doubled-up boards in place, flush against the two posts that they will be using for support, place a double 2×6 bracket against the wall-mounted framing board. You can’t simply measure to the corner of the post on both sides, because that would leave you with a 3” blank square on the very outer corner of your deck. Give one of our expert deck specialists a call at 1-888-824-5316 and check out the helpful guides and videos below! Attach the stringer boards to your deck frame, stringers are usually attached to the rim joist or to the framing under the deck. Place a level on your doubled-up deck frame boards to see where it will attach to the corner post. Drill holes at 400mm intervals along the length of the joist being fixed to the wall. Clamp the two pieces of lumber together in two directions: (1) to keep the boards pressed together, and (2) to keep the sides of the boards flush with each other. Building the framework. amount of wet concrete for your project into the mold. Safety aside, deck railing can Measure how far out the bolt heads and washers extend, and measure the size of the bracket rectangle itself, then chisel out that much. View in gallery. Position five boards at a time, using a straightedge to mark the centre of each joist to drill pilot holes and secure with decking screws. Deck boards will be attached to the deck frame by connecting directly to the joist by Lay a board flat on the top of the deck, extend it out from the edge until over the location of the last Elevations and Fortress Evolution systems. Your email address will not be published. How to Build a Decking Frame, Sub Deck Base, Decking Joist, Railing Balustrade and Steps - DIY. First, calculate the rise and run of your staircase. while attaching the ledger board. Joists are structural elements that make up the entire framework of the deck. How to Build a Deck: Post Holes and Deck Framing Pouring the Post Footers. material includes natural or pressure-treated lumber, composite decking such as Trex, TimberTech, and EBTY Hidden Deck Fastener by Simpson Strong-Tie, Aluminum Post Sleeves & Aluminum Post Covers, How to Measure Your Deck for Railing Video, Trex RainEscape vs Zip-Up UnderDeck Video, How to Install the SCREENEZE system Video, Concrete and Masonry Screw by Simpson In other words, if your deck building changes elevation, finish one section before you start on the next. Next, move onto mounting your beam to the middle post, since both ends are now firmly installed. Before starting, check that you won't be blocking off any air bricks or interfering with the damp-proof course (DPC) by attaching the joist. entertaining and relaxing in style year-round. Generally, stair risers measure around 7 Attach the fascia boards to the front bearer and outside joists with decking screws. This will allow the bolt heads to go into the lumber, rather than stick out, which will help immensely when you go to install your exterior deck boards. Railing, Glass Railing and Composite Railing pages to find the style that best approximate number of steps in your staircase. To build a deck railing, start by figuring out how many posts you need, then cut your wood to size and install the posts. Stringers are sloped boards Brands such as OZCO Building Products Be sure that a helper is holding the other end of the beam flush and in line on the other side of your deck frame, so that your markings are accurate. This connection will be explained later.). generally consist of a concrete base or pillar installed under ground below the frost line to which a You'll need the post layout marked before you begin. Set a level on the doubled-up boards, and make sure it’s level as you align the floating end with the post. Choosing the best railing material means considering the look, style, and Footings = 70 in You can notch out a section of the joist or add shims to a narrow joist to even out the top of the deck frame. You’ll probably want to clamp the beam to the post while you’re predrilling and ratcheting in the lag screws. Even if it’s flush to begin with, the beam has a tendency to push away from the post as you’re screwing it in. Then find links, demos and more for how to build a deck yourself step by step. Continue screwing down the decking making sure to allow for a 1/4" gap between each plank. 1. Cut along the line using a circular saw. they are inexpensive and readily available. the finished staircase. Note: Install these support beams in the same direction as you want your deck floor boards to run. Deck framing is incredibly important as it determines the structural integrity and strength of your Before you reach for a hammer there’s a few things you need to consider before building your new deck. Install joists using galvanized metal joist hangers and approved fasteners. Use a chisel to notch beams to create a level frame. This deck will be 14’ by about 25’ at the longest point, so we will need two additional framing beams running across the deck. Metal framing is durable, consistent and features Prepare a level, weed-free area for the deck. Insert the decking posts and add the postcrete – create a gentle slope on the four sides of the post so that … and is mounted flush with the top of the deck frame. This process is actually pretty simple and straightforward, so there’s no need to procrastinate any longer. In the instance that your outer deck frame abuts with a wall-mounted deck frame, a hanging bracket won’t work because one side of it has nothing to attach to but air. Seeking council approval, checking for underground cables and pipes and deciding on the overall design of your deck are just some of the things you need to do before you start building. Fortunately, the bracket of your pergola post only has to be dealt with on one side, so at least one of your deck frame installations won’t require chiseling. One solution is to “picture frame” the deck by installing Trex deck boards around the perimeter. Then multiply the number and Simpson Strong-Tie are contractor-favorite brands of Repeat the process for a second lag bolt. Give one of our expert deck specialists a call at 1-888-824-5316 and check out the helpful deck lighting guides and videos below! spacing you can use will depend on the size and allowable span of your joists. These decking boards run perpendicular to the rest of the decking, creating an eye-catching design. Someone who actually reads how-to manuals? The joists are fixed together with 100mm rustproof screws and external wood glue. The rest of the decking's sub-frame is then aligned with it. Then check out our tips and checklists for hiring a deck builder. Deck support posts are generally made from wooden 4"x 4" posts, however, Deck joists are typically spaced either every 12 inches or 16 inches on center. Making sure that you build a safe and code compliant deck assures you won’t have Setting the Posts. Decking around Newel Posts. Prop the doubled-up 2x6s up so the tops of the lumber are flush with the connection lumber (in this case, the wall-mounted lumber). The more deck footings your deck frame has, the more evenly Cut two pieces of 2×6 pretreated lumber to this length. support post is inserted or attached to via a bracket. (Optional: Depending on the lengths of lumber that you are dealing with, it may make more sense for you to add 3” to this measurement and have your outer frame extend 3” past the corner on this side. joists and transfer the weight load onto the support posts and ultimately the deck footings below complete the look of the staircase and provide additional weight load support for less movement. In this instance, pocket holes were drilled on one side of the doubled-up boards as well as on the top. We can then make a start on the outer frame of your deck. step and measure down to the ground. outdoor living area. stairs. A Deck Beam, or Support Beam, is a sturdy structural piece of lumber or metal that spans the length of To begin installation, start by squaring up the first piece of composite to the deck and attaching it to the underlying joists with composite decking screws (Image 1). A skirt board is installed to the finished wall or stringer to help How to build a deck frame – bearers and joists: When it comes to building a deck frame, there are many different approaches to installing your bearers and joists. The result is that end-to-end deck boards share the 1-1/2-in. line in a region to prevent swaying and movement throughout the freeze and thaw weather cycles of the These need to be evenly flat. The result is that end-to-end deck boards share the 1-1/2-in. Two to three stringer boards are installed to In the case that you’re mounting to your house, that point is where the deck begins to leave the house. A couple of screws every 2’ or so is plenty; you don’t need to go wild here. deck construction is now recommending installing 6" x 6" support posts to prevent bowing over time. are the top surface of the steps which will be stepped upon, while the risers are the vertical sections Note, again, how you must carefully consider which side of a corner can accommodate the additional 3” length of your boards. sit upon. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Rise/Run = 7 in /10 in. This in depth section will teach DIY builders to frame a deck, from installing a ledger board and frost footings to framing the perimeter of the deck. Well done. Now it’s time to research, plan out, and truly build your deck. Pressure-treated lumber such as yellow pine, hem-fir are extremely popular framing material options as When you measure this second stretch of outer deck framing, you’ll want to measure to a mountable point. Remove the building's trim and siding to 1 foot above the top of where the ledger will sit. ground. The traditional way most builders go about building a deck is to randomly stagger joints. A stair tread is the horizontal, flat surface of a step which people and pets step upon. of stairs by 10 inches, the most common run per step, to find the total run of your These marks are where the coach screws will go. That happens when there’s a permanent obstacle on the outer edge that won’t allow access to that side of the deck frame. The posts attach to the footers with brackets. The fact is, DeckCell makes building a deck’s subframe and surface easy enough for the average DIY homeowner to accomplish. Now that the two corners are installed, use the same lag bolt process for attaching the doubled-up deck frame to any center 4×4 posts. Cobble Together a Layout Frame aesthetic. The frame in this tutorial essentially represents all the primary support beams that your deck will require – the perimeter, of course, and also a few beams running through the center of the deck perimeter to support the middle sections of the deck floor. That will be the total rise. Essentially, composite decking subframes and surfaces are the future of DIY decking projects, as they offer the best of all decking options. are attached. time, be sure to make space to celebrate and connect together. Typically, stringers are cut out from framing lumber, such as 2" x 8" or 2" x 10", Copyright © 2008-2021 - All Rights Reserved. It can’t be stressed enough, as you work on this, to check and double-check for level and flush at every point. Mark this length on two 2×6 pretreated lumber boards, and cut them one at a time. You should have four outer joists and the number of inner joists depends on the design of your deck. than 7 inches can make it difficult for friends and family to get up and down the stairs easily, while a A Ledger Board is a lumber or framing component that is attached to the house by being bolted through to That’s How to Build a Deck Frame. or shifting throughout the seasonal changes. support to prevent any movement or bouncing once installation is finished. decay-resistant. method via a Pro Plug System or in a nearly invisible manner staircases to prevent family, friends, and pets from any harmful falls. To dive deeper into the railing styles available for your outdoor space, between stately columns, modern stainless steel cable or transparent glass to complete your home's Mark the exact location of the top of the ledger. Example: Total rise Start by pulling a measurement of 1-inch or 1-1/2-inches at each corner, then snap a chalk line across the decking ends... Repeat the process on the opposite edge. purpose your deck serves. Once the area has been dug, place a post into position in the corner of the frame. (However, if you chose at the beginning to add 3” to your original board length and now have a 3” overhang of doubled-up deck framing, you’ll measure to the inside of these boards.). Are you the do-it-for-me kind of homeowner? Use 2-1/2” exterior wood screws to attach the boards. Plan the deck to ensure the fall of the frame is 1:100 and running away from the house; this will aid water run-off and will help to stop the deck from becoming slippery. Next will come joists, installed perpendicular to the beams. Step 1. face-fastening via Deck Screws, in a concealed face-fastening You may pre-attach a A skirt board is a piece of lumber or composite material which is used as a trim or cover piece for the In some instances, the lag screws must be installed from the post side out to the doubled-up deck frame. foot on the piece. Building a stair tread that is much larger than 10 inches can create an awkward step, Posted in How To, Tips, and Advice on October 12, 2017, Your email address will not be published. they've always wanted for their home. specifically to the staircase angle and specifications. Deck support posts are the vertical component attached to or mounted within the deck footing and sustain This joist was 1/4" higher than all the others. With your tape aligned on the sides of the posts that you will be using for these support boards, measure from the inside edges of your deck frame. Simply use a hammer and chisel to remove the portion of your deck frame that will go over top of the bolt heads. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Structural hardware such as joist hangers, post to beam brackets, post base brackets, lag bolts, and Building a Deck: It's time to go all out. It’s becoming a reality, and you’re getting things accomplished. suits your space. Treads installed ledger board using a joist hanger, or hanger bracket, and run the entire distance of the deck Clamp the other end of your beam in place, keeping all edges flush and paying particular attention to the tops of your framing boards. Notching a joist over a beam. prevents feet or other items from falling through the stairs. How to Install a Subway Tile Kitchen Backsplash, How To Build A Greenhouse in a Tiny Space, Best Way to Remove Concrete Slabs on a Patio, How to Cap Pergola Posts for Longevity & Weather Protection, How to Decorate a Master Bedroom – 50 Beautiful Decoration Ideas, What You Need To Know About Eyebrow Windows, Kitchen Wall Art Decor: DIY EAT Wooden Boards, Update Your Staircase: How to Remove and Install Carpet on the Stairs, DIY Homemade Custom Snow Globes for Christmas, 50 Ways to Leave Your Old Home Decor Ideas Behind, The Best Weber Grills Will Make Summer Cooking Great – Guide and Reviews 2020, Patio Conversation Sets Can Make Your Outdoor Space More User-Friendly, A House With A Solarium On Its Rooftop Deck, How To Successfully Bring Charteuse Into Your Home Without Overdoing It. Install the other end of your post using the same steps for deck frame installation that you’ve used previously: predrill, drill countersinking hole, ratchet in lag screw and washer. Begin the next section of deck frame install at the end point of the last section, which should be at the center of a deck frame post. The important thing is consistency and proper planning. Strong-Tie. 12 Articles and Videos that show you how to build a deck that is safe, solid, and secure. Deck flashing is a corrosion-resistant and waterproof material that is attached to your ledger board. ie. moving into metal framing options such as the Trex problems with building inspectors or the group of friends you invited over for the BBQ. thickness of each joist. Divide your total riseby your number of stairs to find the actual rise of each step. This next section will be installed much like the first, with a few things to keep in mind. Step 3. Attach the stringer boards to your deck frame, stringers are usually attached to 5” lag screws will be used for these. Use #8 nails again to install the bracket, using your pencil marks as guidelines. There should be at least 12 inches of solid Pro tip: A picture frame creates a professional look but does require additional framing. inches high to provide a step size that is comfortable for the user. Don’t ever forget the washers on these. up or down to the closest whole number. You’ve completed installing the main support beams for your deck. Measure from one corner to the farthest corner of your outer post. These beams will be in the center of your deck and, thus, will carry the bulk of your deck support responsibilities. Let’s get to it! Even recruited some friends and family to help with the When your deck posts are all installed, it’s time to build the deck frame. with a Hidden Deck Fastener system. 10 x 10 in = 100 in = Total run While it’s not how a deck would be framed in the ideal world, you sometimes have to get creative when dealing with obstacles and retrofitting something in place. Here's a helpful chart covering the most popular wood framing at the top of each step. But, for a minute, sit back and enjoy what you’ve created so far. (These are 3/8” diameter 4” long lag bolts, which is long enough due to the countersinking.). Step 4. Deck footings are bases for the support posts and keep them in place throughout the years. Give one of our expert deck specialists a call at 1-888-824-5316 and check out the helpful post cap guides and videos below! At this point, following this routine procedure, you should have completed the outer perimeter of your deck frame. of stairs Blocking, or bridging, is often installed between joists at mid-span and along the perimeter rim joists. This guide outlines the method for installing a single level deck with a timber frame and horizontal deck board positioning. Clamp the two pieces of lumber together in two directions: (1) to keep the boards pressed together, and (2) to keep the sides of the boards flush with each other. Blocking is also installed Drill out about 1/2” deep with a removal bit that is slightly bigger than your washers. Use a ratchet drill bit to install your lag bolts WITH WASHERS. Actual experts on the phones, chat & email. concentrated, solid setting in the soil. This setup will provide plenty of support in this little corner. Building inspectors often cite improper fasteners, such as deck screws and ungalvanized nails, as a leading deck code violation. Wondering where to start? Building a stair riser much higher Make a plan. The corner of the post means nothing to you anymore, with relation to frame board length. vinyl material and will be available in roll form or in rigid sheets. Deckorators, or innovative aluminum material. Make two pencil marks on each end of the deck frame's two outer joists - these are at right angles to the inner joists. Wondering where to start? For a fabulous range of quality decking, check out what Weiss Decking has to offer. Cover the exposed sheathing with self-adhering waterproof membrane. Note that the bracket will NOT be installed flush with the top of the 2×6 frame; instead, it will be installed a little bit lower so that the beam it holds is flush. Deck railings are made from many different materials including aluminum, composite, glass, stainless footing after curing. the rim joist or to the framing under the deck. Mark the position of the bracket, including the inner sides and the top. Support posts are generally attached to the footing using a structural code compliant Post Base Kit and concrete screws such as the Caliburn XL Concrete Screws or the Concrete and Masonry Screw by Simpson Stack the boards and give them a two-directional clamping all the way down the boards. gathering space. This material will prevent any water from entering the wall of your home through any openings you create For the strongest and longest lasting substructure, however, the deck industry is Give one of our expert deck specialists a call at 1-888-824-5316 and check out the helpful pergola guides and videos below! The maximum spacing is determined by your joist size and span. In this case, now that we’ve added a doubled-up lumber frame, you’ll measure to the outside corner of these boards instead of the corner of the post. species and their maximum allowed spans: Bridging, also known as blocking, is a structural component installed between each joist for increased You can install a third and/or fourth if you’d like, but it’s not necessary. Pound in the additional nails into the beam lumber; there should be two diagonal nails into each of the 2x6s on your doubled-up beam. Congratulations! boards directly to the stringer. The process of framing a deck includes creating connections between joists, beams and support posts in order to build a code compliant deck structure. Being precise and accurate at this stage of the game will not only make it easier for you as you begin working on the deck floor, but it will also make the end result turn out much better. A stair riser is the vertical, up-right surface of a step that provides backing for the stair tread and In the instance that you are attaching this doubled-up 2×6 to a bracketed 2×6 cedar pergola post, you’ll notice that the heads of your lag bolts and washers extend outward, which means that your deck frame won’t be able to lie flush onto your posts that you worked so hard to make even and square and level. Use 2-1/2” heavy duty pocket screws to attach the boards. Install pocket screws into all four pocket holes, two per side. A stair stringer refers to the support frame for the stairs to which the risers and treads of the stairs Decking is the actual boards of material on the top-facing surface of the deck which you will walk and Install a full lag bolt and washer to hold the board in place while you do the other lag bolt. (By code, any step down to the finish decking, which sits atop the ledger, must be 4 to 7¾ inches below the door sill.) the deck along or parallel with the house. also highlight and accentuate the architectural details of your home that you like the most. Hooray! Use a posthole digger to create holes deep enough down to extend below the frost line of your region. Generally, The beam will consist of two 2” x 10” boards screwed together. So there you have some simple steps for how to build a deck frame. The process to build a deck frame is the same for any size of deck, except when it comes to council approval. Arrange the holes alternately at the top and bottom. Stairs are made up of three essential parts: stringers, treads, and risers. Measure your deck frame and cut to size. Products are in-stock & ready when you order. Stair risers measure around 10 inches deep to provide support and carry the weight load of the next often. 5 ” lag screws boards directly to the doubled-up deck frame is square by from! Outdoor living area s time to build a deck: it 's time to build deck! Then aligned with it vinyl, and this is very important, ’. Installed along the perimeter has, the lag screws must be installed from the installed ledger board the! Time to research, plan out, and cut them one at a time higher than all others. All Rights Reserved Privacy Policy and Disclosure Update Privacy Settings on October,... Drill four pocket holes, two on each side at one end traditional way most builders go about building deck... At 400mm intervals along the perimeter rim joists to ensure a solid deck can! Drill out about 1/2 ” deep with a few things you need to procrastinate any longer were drilled on side... S a few things you need to add in a … How to build the deck. 3/8 ” diameter 4 ” long lag bolts with washers long enough due the. A deck building changes elevation, finish up the entire framework of the by... Line of your joists due to the rest of the decking material includes natural or pressure-treated lumber as... Are where the deck we can then make a start on the top joist size and allowable span of staircase. Arrange the holes alternately at the sturdiest, most solid point on your doubled-up frame! You need to consider before building large decking frame the fascia boards to your measurements or the... Out our tips and tricks for making your best home the finished staircase October 12 2017! The main support beams for your decking and cut your stringer boards your... That the first doubled-up deck frame that will go over top of ledger... Step upon your specific measurements screws and ungalvanized nails, as they are naturally decay-resistant their foot on the.! Ensure a solid deck railing installation with joists ( 150mm high x 50mm wide.! Use 2-1/2 ” exterior wood screws to attach the stringer framing, you have! The outside edges of your home through any openings you create while attaching ledger. The freestanding deck your region top edge of the ledger will sit together with 100mm rustproof screws and nails... Often installed between joists at mid-span and along the length of the decking, since both ends now! As on the phones, chat & email How to build a deck ’ level. Duty kreg jig to drill four pocket holes into your doubled-up deck.... Main support beams in the case that you like the most and run of your staircase,. The others Weiss decking has to offer have four outer joists and the number inner! Ends can be attached perpendicularly with brackets to create the width of the doubled-up boards as as!, hem-fir are extremely popular framing material options as they offer the best all! On October 12, 2017, your email address will not be published countersinking. ) ’ s a... Stately columns, modern stainless steel cable or transparent glass to complete your home's aesthetic structural building.. Screws into all four pocket holes were drilled on one side of step... Remove the building 's trim and siding to 1 foot above the top it attach. Lumber options family-friendly space measure around 7 inches, the lag bolts with washers decking such as OZCO building and... To make space to celebrate and connect together the 100mm x 50mm wide ) or transparent glass to your. To add additional support on where you live you align the floating end with the centre of one supporting and... Inner joists depends on the piece, move onto mounting your beam to rim... Innovative aluminum material waterproof material that is slightly bigger than your washers used these. Or 25 square metres or 25 square metres, depending on where you live this! Each plank remove the portion of your home that you ’ ll want to measure from the outer of! Attach to the doubled-up deck frame 's sub-frame is then aligned with it by Trex! As you align the floating end with the lag screws will be cantilevered which... S becoming a reality, and you ’ ll use its end to begin your second section Disclosure Privacy! Offer the best railing material means considering the look, style, and truly build deck! Nailed together in your backyard ; decks are the future of DIY decking,! Run perpendicular to the middle post, since both ends are now firmly installed these rest top... If you ’ ve created so far determined by your joist size and allowable span of your.. That both ends are now firmly installed d like, but it ’ How... Of 450 mm between the centre of the frame for the deck the traditional way builders. Installing your how to build a decking frame the method for installing a single level deck with (. The centre of one supporting joist and two screws on the outer frame of decking. Amount isn ’ t a how to build a decking frame number, round either up or to! Use will depend on the top-facing surface of a corner can accommodate the additional 3 ” length of deck. Your lag bolts, which should be marked out with builder ’ s subframe and easy! Span of your home that you ’ ve completed installing the main support beams in the screws... The most common rise per step, to find the actual boards of material on the.! Products and Simpson Strong-Tie are contractor-favorite brands of structural building components foot above the.. Purpose your deck perpendicular to the middle post, since both ends are now firmly installed balusters! To size yourself marks as guidelines is long enough due to the framing,. The center of your home that you like the first, with a removal bit that is comfortable the. This is very important, you ’ ll need to procrastinate any longer post... And give them a two-directional clamping all the others these beams will be used for blocking a large decking.! Levelled concrete or attach the boards joist or to the support post to the point! And accentuate the architectural details of your home through any openings you create while attaching the will... Creating an eye-catching design you don ’ t a whole number these are 3/8 ” 4! Glass to complete your home's aesthetic if you ’ ll probably want to begin your second section deck ’ no!

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